Types of Solar Panels

While installing solar panels on your RV, business, or home, you'll get renewable energy from the sun. This article will walk you through the essential components of a solar power system, the distinctions between the various types of solar panels, and if you should hire a professional or do it yourself.

The Solar Power System's Main Components

Main Components of Solar Power Systems

Main Components of Solar Power Systems

A distributor, an inverter, a battery, and solar panels are the four essential components of a home solar power system.

Solar Panel

A photovoltaic (P.V.) panel is the most popular type of household panel, and it consists of three layers in total.

The N-Layer consists of phosphorus and silicon.

The P/N Junction consists of silicon.

The P-Layer consists of boron and silicon.

When sunlight touches the N-Layer, electrons are dislodged. They form an electrical field by passing through the P/N junction and into the P-Layer. The electrons get "knocked off" from the silicon are then driven by the area, resulting in an electric current.

The roof is a typical site for solar panels. Mounting racks allow altering the angle of your solar panels to get the most out of them as the angle of the sun changes yearly.

The Inverter 

The electric current of the solar panel is direct current (D.C.), just like the current stored in batteries. For usage in the house, an inverter converts direct current to alternating current (A.C.).

The Battery

A battery is not required for all solar power systems; however, systems that produce more electricity than is needed can use a battery to store the excess energy. The stored energy can be used at night or on overcast days when the solar panels do not supply enough power.

The Distributor

The distributor is the device that distributes the A.C. power generated by the inverter to both the home and the power grid. When a solar power system generates more energy than you consume, some of it is returned to the grid, and you receive a credit from the utility company. If your solar power system does not provide enough power for your home, your utility company will make up the difference.

Monocrystalline vs. Polycrystalline vs. Amorphous

Monocrystalline vs. Polycrystalline vs. Amorphous

Monocrystalline vs. Polycrystalline vs. Amorphous

Amorphous, polycrystalline, and Monocrystalline solar panels are the three most common varieties. What's the difference between the two, and which is best for your home?

Monocrystalline

Monocrystalline solar panels provide more power for their size than polycrystalline solar panels. Monocrystalline solar panels are efficient and standard solar panels available, and they can withstand extreme temperatures. Monocrystalline panels have a long life expectancy, with several manufacturers providing a 25-year guarantee. Because the production process is labor-intensive, the panels are more expensive than polycrystalline panels of the same size.

Polycrystalline

Polycrystalline solar cells are more common than monocrystalline solar cells, owing to their lower cost. These panels aren't costly compared to monocrystalline solar panels due to a streamlined manufacturing process. They take up more area than monocrystalline solar panels to produce the same amount of energy. Polycrystalline solar panels, on the other hand, aren't as long-lasting as monocrystalline panels. In low-light settings or high-temperature, they're also less effective.

Amorphous

Solar panels manufactured using amorphous cells are made from a thin silicon layer, making them lighter and more flexible. Amorphous cells are amongst the top-notch panels because they can absorb a more extensive range of visible light. They require twice the surface area of a monocrystalline panel to produce the same amount of power. Because they can absorb a broader range of light, they work well in high temperatures and are among the best solar panels for low-light settings. In addition, they are less long-lasting than polycrystalline and monocrystalline panels.

Although all these technologies provide the same electricity, monocrystalline is expected to take up less space.

Solar Installation: Professional vs. Do-It-Yourself

Professional vs. Do-It-Yourself Solar Installation

Professional vs. Do-It-Yourself Solar Installation

Although it is feasible to install a solar power system on your own, most individuals find the process too complicated. Furthermore, some of the most significant advantages can only be obtained through professional installation.

DIY Solar Installation

Pros

  • Lower Prices: It is possible to purchase solar kits that are less expensive than hiring a solar power company.
  • Easy to Buy: You can purchase a home solar kit online, from a wholesaler, or a local hardware store.

Cons

  • Complex Setup Process: It can get challenging to determine the size of the system that best suits your family's demands. To properly install the solar panels and connect the battery, meter, or inverter, you must be skilled with electrical and building work. When working with electricity, there is also the risk of electric and fire shock.
  • Limited Application: Most solar kits are intended for usage off the grid. Without professional approval and the required permits, most utility companies won't allow an unlicensed homeowner to connect a solar array to the grid.

Professional Solar Installation

Here are some reasons why you should hire a professional to install your solar power system.

Pros

  • More Knowledge and Experience: You can feel more confident using a licensed professional that meets state qualifications to do a proper installation. We have worked with thousands of customers across the state to determine how much solar energy their home needs and which permits are necessary before the installation begins.
  • Team to Take Care of the Details: Each element, including getting permits and funding, is handled by our team.
  • Specialized Training. Professional solar installers completed specialized training and have the right experience and tools to install your solar power system.
  • Higher-Quality Materials and Warranties: A properly installed, high-quality solar power system can last several decades. We provide solar equipment from distributors that don’t sell to the general public, which means better-quality panels and supplies. We source our products in North America meaning no issues with warranties when something goes wrong.

Cons

  • Higher Cost. A professionally-installed and higher-quality solar power system with a better warranty costs more than a DIY solar kit.

Professional-grade solar equipment installed by a professional team makes the most sense for many homeowners and businesses. Thanks to high-quality materials and an industry-leading warranty, you may also generate sustainable energy for years to come.